Treaty of Trianon
Treaty of Trianon — treaty signed at the palace of Versailles on June 4, 1920, as part of the Paris Peace Conference following the end of World War I. The Treaty of Trianon was concluded between the victorious Allied and Associated Powers (the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan) and Hungary, which was considered the partial successor of the defeated and by then defunct Austro-Hungarian Empire. The treaty defined Hungary’s new boundaries (Article 27). As well, Hungary accepted the provisions of the previously signed *Treaty of St. Germain and thereby recognized “the independent Czecho-Slovak state, which included the autonomous territory of Rusyns living south of the Carpathians” (Article 48).
As a result of the treaty, postwar Trianon Hungary, as the country popularly became known, included only 29 percent of the territory that the Hungarian Kingdom had held before World War I. More than 3.2 million *Magyars now found themselves living as a minority in neighboring countries, including the 111,000 Magyars (1921) inhabiting the southern lowlands and main cities of *Subcarpathian Rus’. Most political parties in post-World War I Hungary felt that the Treaty of Trianon was unjustly imposed on their country, and as early as 1920 a revisionist movement arose that was determined to reverse the country’s territorial losses (see Irredentism).
Paul Robert Magocsi
Entry courtesy of Encyclopedia of Rusyn History and Culture.